Deploying to Google Cloud Run

Google Cloud Run is a fully manged compute platform that automatically scales. It is great alternative to run BentoService that requires more computing power. Cloud Run is serverless. It abstracts away infrastructure management, so you can focus on building service.

This guide demonstrates how to deploy a scikit-learn based iris classifier model with BentoML to Google Cloud Run. The same deployment steps are also applicable for models trained with other machine learning frameworks, see more BentoML examples here.


Create Google cloud project

$ gcloud components update

All components are up to date.
$ gcloud projects create irisclassifier-gcloud-run

# Sample output

Create in progress for [].
Waiting for [operations/cp.6403723248945195918] to finish...done.
Enabling service [] on project [irisclassifier-gcloud-run]...
Operation "operations/acf.15917ed1-662a-484b-b66a-03259041bf43" finished successfully.
$ gcloud config set project irisclassifier-gcloud-run

Updated property [core/project]

Build and push BentoML model service image to GCP repository

Run the example project from the quick start guide to create the BentoML saved bundle for deployment:

git clone
pip install -r ./bentoml/guides/quick-start/requirements.txt
python ./bentoml/guides/quick-start/

Verify the saved bundle created:

$ bentoml get IrisClassifier:latest

# Sample output
  "name": "IrisClassifier",
  "version": "20200121141808_FE78B5",
  "uri": {
    "type": "LOCAL",
    "uri": "/Users/bozhaoyu/bentoml/repository/IrisClassifier/20200121141808_FE78B5"
  "bentoServiceMetadata": {
    "name": "IrisClassifier",
    "version": "20200121141808_FE78B5",
    "createdAt": "2020-01-21T22:18:25.079723Z",
    "env": {
      "condaEnv": "name: bentoml-IrisClassifier\nchannels:\n- defaults\ndependencies:\n- python=3.7.3\n- pip\n",
      "pipDependencies": "bentoml==0.5.8\nscikit-learn",
      "pythonVersion": "3.7.3"
    "artifacts": [
        "name": "model",
        "artifactType": "SklearnModelArtifact"
    "apis": [
        "name": "predict",
        "InputType": "DataframeInput",
        "docs": "BentoService API"

The BentoML saved bundle created can now be used to start a REST API Server hosting the BentoService and available for sending test request:

# Start BentoML API server:
bentoml serve IrisClassifier:latest
# Send test request:
curl -i \
  --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
  --request POST \
  --data '[[5.1, 3.5, 1.4, 0.2]]' \

Use gcloud CLI to build the docker image

# Find the local path of the latest version IrisClassifier saved bundle
$ saved_path=$(bentoml get IrisClassifier:latest --print-location --quiet)
$ cd $saved_path
$ gcloud builds submit --tag

# Sample output

Creating temporary tarball archive of 15 file(s) totalling 15.8 MiB before compression.
Uploading tarball of [.] to [gs://irisclassifier-gcloud-run_cloudbuild/source/1587430763.39-03422068242448efbcfc45f2aed218d3.tgz]
Created [].
Logs are available at []
----------------------------- REMOTE BUILD OUTPUT ------------------------------

ID                                    CREATE_TIME                DURATION  SOURCE                                                                                               IMAGES                                                      STATUS
9c0f3ef4-11c0-4089-9406-1c7fb9c7e8e8  2020-04-21T00:59:38+00:00  5M22S     gs://irisclassifier-gcloud-run_cloudbuild/source/1587430763.39-03422068242448efbcfc45f2aed218d3.tgz (+1 more)  SUCCESS

Deploy the image to Google Cloud Run

  1. Use your browser, go into the Google Cloud Console, select project irisclassifier-gcloud-run and navigate to the CloudRun page

  2. Click Create Service on the top of the navigation bar

  3. In the Create Cloud Run service page:

Select container image URL from the selection menu, choose allow Unauthenticated invocations from the Authentication section

GCP project creation

Expand Show Optional Revision Settings and change Container Port from `8080` to `5000`

GCP project setting

After successful deployment, you can fin the service endpoint URL at top of the page.

GCP project endpoint

Validate Google cloud run deployment with sample data

Copy the service URL from the screen

$ curl -i \
    --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
    --request POST \
    -d '[[5.1, 3.5, 1.4, 0.2]]' \

# Sample output

Clean up deployed service on Google Cloud Run

  1. Navigate to the manage resources page in Google Cloud Console.

  2. In the project list, select the project you want to delete and click the delete icon

  3. In the dialog, type the projectID sentiment-gcloud-run and then click Shut down to delete the project.